譴責警方瀆職之聲明 / Statement of Condemnation towards Police Misconduct

鑒於本月二十七及二十八日在元朗及香港島之事件,本會強烈譴責香港警方瀆職怠法。

 

首先,警方不當並過度使用催淚彈。片段顯示於七月二十七日有催淚彈被擲至民居簷篷,其後更證實為老人院,此舉對無辜之長者造成無法估量的身心傷害。而七月二十八日警方於民居內使用多枚催淚彈,多位小童遭殃。 童叟無不受傷,實在令人髮指。

 

其二,警方公然打壓香港之新聞自由。記者被多次要求離開現場,所受之暴力甚至可與示威者相及,如催淚彈、橡膠子彈及強光照射。警方「明火執杖」並非執法,卻是剝奪港人人權。 

 

其三,本會質疑香港警方是否能保持政治中立。網上廣傳照片及影片顯示警察大喊挑釁字語並辱罵示威者及記者,甚至對之豎中指,更粗暴推倒站於警方與示威者之間年邁的調停者。上述劣行令人質疑警方能否恪守政治中立之立場。

 

再者,警方選擇性執法,對港人展示雙重標準。其七月二十一日對於元朗白衣恐怖分子,警方竟要遲達三小時才能夠抵達現場,當晚更無拘捕任何暴民。相反,七月二十七日於同樣地點內,對於部份手持長傘的示威者及圍觀之市民,警方卻迅速派出速龍小隊衝入站內毆打市民及示威者,多名市民血流滿臉,亦有人不醒人事。更荒謬者,有警員之警棍配備絕非官方裝備的金屬環。警方隨後撤退並沒有拘捕任何人,是令人懷疑其目的為純粹洩憤,濫用私刑,而非公正執法。

 

香港大學學生會醫學會藥劑學會

二零一九年七月二十八日

 

Regarding the events in Yuen Long and Hong Kong Island respectively on 27 and 28 July 2019, we strongly condemn the misconduct by the Hong Kong Police Force.

 

First, the excessive and misuse of tear gas caused more harm than necessary. Footage has proven one of many tear gas bombs has been thrown to the roof of a residential building on 27 July, which was in actuality an elderly home. Tear gas continued to cause harm near residential areas on 28 July, and several children became the victims of these chemicals. We can only imagine the physical and mental harm inflicted upon those innocent senior citizens and children.

 

Second, the attempt on obstructing press freedom was unacceptable. The press has been told to leave repeatedly and was subjected to similar, if not the same, level of violence as the protestors, for instance, tear gas, rubber bullets, flaming bombs and strong flashlights. This is a blatant deprivation of human rights.

 

Third, we are doubtful of the police force’s ability to remain neutral. Photos and videos circulating have shown police officers shouting provoking words and insulting language at protestors and the press, showing obscene hand gestures and roughly pushing mediators standing between them and protestors until they trip and fall. These are all unacceptable behaviour that raises the question of whether the police force remains neutral.

 

Fourth, there is skepticism regarding law enforcement by the police. On 21 July, the police arrived three hours late to Yuen Long Station where a group of white-clothed mobsters were violently assaulting passersby, and without carrying out any arrests. As for 27 July, the police arrived quickly to the same scene and herd the crowds armed only with umbrellas using truncheons without warning until protestors fainted, passersby with their head split and blood running down their cheeks, without any ability to resist. What is more infuriating is the fact that truncheons were found to be equipped with metal rings. No arrests were made, enforcing the skepticism that all actions by the police were lawful and just, personal reasons disregarded.

 

Pharmacy Society, Medical Society, HKUSU

 

28/7/2019

聲明:譴責元朗暴徒恐怖主義行為及警察之嚴重過失 / Statement of Condemnation towards the Violence from Armed Mob in Yuen Long and Inappropriate Responses from the Police Force

鑒於七月二十一號晚各區發生的社會衝突,本會對於警方濫權過分使用武力嚴重違反專業操守,以及元朗的恐怖主義行為,痛心疾首,在此予以嚴厲的譴責。

 

眾所周知,二十一號夜晚十一時左右,元朗西鐵站出現白衣暴徒持棍及刀殘暴毆打路過的無辜市民,導致最少三十六人被送院。暴徒襲擊在地鐵站內的示威者,連孕婦亦無法倖免,一度失去意識,其意圖散播恐慌的無差別襲擊可謂與恐怖主義無異。

 

當晚較早前,一連串的示威發生於香港島。對於相對和平的示威者,警方報以三十六發橡膠子彈及催淚氣體,實為不恰當之舉。是次事件中有多名市民因催淚彈或橡膠子彈受傷。甚至有影片顯示有警員無視元朗市民致電求助,並拉下警局鐵閘。令人質疑其刻意讓暴徒施然離去,與之同流合污。基於這些片段,本會強烈懷疑警方於元朗偭規錯矩,未有為無助市民提供協助或拘捕任何暴徒。     

 

本會對傷害無辜市民及示威者的事件切齒拊心,亦強烈要求警方對港人清楚交代當日事件之始末,並追究違反職業道德的警察,以及將元朗的恐怖分子繩之於法。

 

香港大學學生會醫學會藥劑學會

二零一九年七月二十二日

 

 

Regarding the violence from the armed mob in Yuen Long and the inappropriate responses from the Police Force in Yuen Long and Hong Kong Island; we, as pharmacy students and future healthcare professionals, strongly condemn any use of unnecessary violence towards innocent citizens and urge the Police Force to conduct thorough investigations and arrest any and all involved entities.

 

On the night of 21 July 2019, violence was witnessed in Yuen Long. Innocent passersby were attacked ruthlessly with metal and wooden rods, causing at least 36 people to be taken to hospital. The attacks were not aimed at any particular targets and were widespread in their acts of terror. Even pregnant women were the victims of their violent attacks until they helplessly fainted.

 

Earlier that day, there was a series of protests occurring on Hong Kong Island. At the concerned time, the protestors were relatively peaceful, and yet, they were faced with tear gas and 36 rubber bullets. The firing of tear gas and so many rubber bullets were unnecessary against a group of unarmed peaceful protestors. Many were injured in the process, from being affected by the chemicals in tear gas to being hit by bullets. As for the violence in Yuen Long, there have been photos and videos documented that suggest the police blatantly ignoring the distressed calls for help from threatened passersby and allowing the mobsters to leave without consequences. In light of this, we strongly doubt the reason the police chief named for the lack of aid and arrests in Yuen Long.

 

We are pained to see more protestors and innocent citizens injured due to unnecessary violence, both by the police and the mobsters. We strongly urge the police to clearly inform the citizens of Hong Kong the details of the series of events on 21 July, to take full responsibility of any and all unnecessary violence from the Police Force, and to arrest all involved parties who are guilty as charged.

 

Pharmacy Society, Medical Society, HKUSU

 

22/7/2019              

聲明:支持香港執業藥劑師協會就去信行政長官及警務處處長有關警方使用催淚彈及胡椒噴霧之建議 / Statement of Support towards the Practising Pharmacists Association of Hong Kong for Suggesting More Rational and Cautious Use of Tear Gas and Pepper Spray

香港執業藥劑師協會(PPAHK)於二零一九年七月三日下午舉行新聞發布會,表示去信行政長官林鄭月娥及警務處處長盧偉聰,呼籲警方不要隨意採用催淚彈及胡椒噴霧,避免無辜市民受害。香港執業藥劑師協會主席鄭綺雯指出,該會近期接獲超過50宗主要來自中年人士及長期病患的查詢或投訴,有指相關人士並沒參與示威,在上班或逛街途中受到催淚彈及胡椒噴霧波及,感到不適。雖然警方聲稱催淚彈或胡椒噴霧對健康人士之效果僅為暫時性;但鄭主席強調,並沒有科學研究反映上述化學物質對長者、兒童、孕婦、及呼吸疾病患者之影響屬輕屬重,尤其對化學物質過敏之人士,嚴重者可致昏迷、窒息,甚至死亡。

 

故此,香港執業藥劑師協會呼籲:警方必須在合理及迫切之情境下,才能使用催淚彈或煙霧彈,以減低對民眾和示威者之健康威脅。本會亦十分贊同,警方應「先行疏散現場及附近群眾」,並嚴謹遵循警方守則及迫切性,充分考慮現場環境及附近人士之安全。倘若警方減少使用催淚彈和煙霧彈驅散示威者,示威者使用化學武器還擊的情況亦相信會因而減少。

 

作為未來的醫護人員,我們絕不希望任何無辜市民因為警方或示威者使用化學物品而受傷。我們認為使用化學物品驅趕示威者時必須和示威者保持安全的距離,避免接觸到眼睛、口等高危的身體部位以及顧及附近群眾的安全。我們希望只有在用作停止衝突,並且不會傷害到市民的情況下,才可使用催淚彈及煙霧彈等化學物品。

 

本會謹代表香港大學藥理及藥劑學系學生,支持香港執業藥劑師協會(PPAHK)之倡議,呼籲警方謹慎使用催淚彈及胡椒噴霧,亦不希望示威人士以化學物品反擊。

 

香港大學學生會醫學會藥劑學會

二零一九年七月四日

 

The press conference held by the Practising Pharmacists Association of Hong Kong (PPAHK) on the afternoon of 3 July 2019 stated the organisation’s intention of writing to Chief Executive Carrie Lam and police chief Stephen Lo. The president of the organisation, Iris Chang, claimed to have received more than 50 complaints from bystanders who have been affected to varying degrees by the use of tear gas and pepper spray. It has been noted that the use of these chemical agents may cause temporary strain on normal activities for healthy people, and may cause adverse effects on those who are allergic to such substances, causing temporary unconsciousness, difficulty in breathing or death.

 

In light of this, PPAHK has advised more cautious and rational use of tear gas and pepper spray, and should the police force deem it rational and necessary to use them, the evacuation of shops and citizens nearby before the use of these chemical agents to prevent further harm done on bystanders in similar events thereafter. It is believed that the cautious use of tear gas and pepper spray will also minimise the use of similar chemical substances as retaliation by the protestors.

 

We, as future healthcare professionals, do not hope to see any citizen injured due to any irrational use of chemical agents, including but not limited to the use of chemicals without the suggested safe distance, the use of chemicals on body parts that may cause casualties, and the use of chemicals such that bystanders may be affected. Should any chemical agents be used, we hope that such measures are the necessary ways to solve the intended conflict, and that no abuse of chemical substances will be afflicted upon citizens.

 

We, as pharmacy students from the University of Hong Kong, hereby show our support towards the suggestion made by PPAHK. The widespread and irrational use of any chemical agents, either by the police force or the protestors, should not be encouraged due to the harmful nature of these substances.

 

Pharmacy Society, Medical Society, HKUSU


4/7/2019

Caduceus Cup 2019 – ⚽7-a-side Mixed Soccer: HKU Pharm VS HKU MBBS 戰況報導🤓👍👍

Our soccer players !

今場比賽非常激烈 🔥🔥面對MBBS槍林彈雨嘅攻擊😱,Pharm不甘示弱💥💥,迸發出驚人的戰鬥力😡❗我哋更喺下半場力挽狂瀾,以閃電突擊⚡、 疾速射球☄、瘋狂攔截🌊 橫掃戰場 🔥,向MBBS 步步進逼😈,充分反映Pharm 永不言敗 、遇強愈強、同無懈可擊嘅團隊精神🤩🤩🤩

本人特此感謝各位players嘅辛勞同付出😭😭,同時感謝各位members、graduate、工作人員、莊友、所有上莊等等嘅支持🙇🏻🙇🏻🙇🏻(蒙受恩惠之多未能盡錄,懇請見諒。)

十分可惜,今次Pharm 小敗俾MBBS🤯🤯。然而,我哋勝不驕、敗不餒😎,希望Pharm能夠再接再厲,於下年Ccup勇奪佳績🔥🔥

Pharmacy 加油🔊🔊🔊~

文: P22 Kevin     22/06/2019

News Sharing 2

 捍衛病患者福祉  爭取藥劑師權益                 2019/20財政預算案醫療篇 X  麻疹爆發                                                                       31-03-2019

圖一、 2019/20年度的醫療總開支預算    (摘自《香港經濟日報》。2019年2月27日)

《2019-20 財政預算案》於二月二十七日公布,本年度醫療總開支預算達886億元,增長率為10.9%,佔整體開支的18.3%;當中699億元為醫院管理局的撥款,撥款按年增長12%,逼近700億元。醫療新措施中,秏支100億元的「公營醫療撥款穩定基金」最受矚目。一個月後,本港機場傳入麻診個案,市民人心惶惶,更出現疫苗搶購潮。醫管局傳染病中心醫務總監曾德賢預計,急症室短期內的麻疹懷疑個案會上升,或會增加急症室壓力,呼籲病情較輕的市民到其他門診求醫。

2019-20 財政預算案要點:醫療篇

  • 擴闊藥物名冊(增撥4億元恆常資助)
  • 開葵青區全港首個地區康健中心之營運(預留1.5億元)
  • 成立香港基因組中心及促進基因組醫學科研(撥款12億元)
  • 發展兩個十年醫院發展計劃 (共2700億元)
  • 增加醫管局應對流感高峰之資源
  • 改善醫護人員津貼及薪酬以挽留人才(7億元恆常資助)
  • 引進尖端醫療儀器設備 (預留50億元)
  • 醫管局每三年按人口結構變動增加撥款(預留100億元為公營醫療穩定基金)
  • 一次性提供額外1千元長者醫療券金額,累積上限提高至8千元

面對日益嚴峻的醫療挑戰,100億元的公營醫療撥款穩定基並沒有具體運用方案,有形同虛設之嫌;對於增加藥劑師於基層醫療之角色,政府一如既往,隻字不提。香港藥學會 (The Pharmaceutical Society of Hong Kong, PSHK)早於《2018/19財政預算案建議書》,提倡將長者醫療券計劃擴展至註冊藥劑師;遺憾的是,政府並沒有集思廣益。容許本人再次重申:藥劑師是藥物的專家,絕對能為輕微疾病(如傷風感冒)提供專業的治療方法,並能分辨及轉介麻疹懷疑個案到醫院。面對來勢兇兇的麻疹疫情,政府呼籲病情較輕的市民到其他門診求醫,基層醫療配套卻準備不周,豈能增加基層醫療發展,談何減輕公立醫院的醫療負擔?

圖二、被指含致癌物的高血壓藥物Apo-Losartan    (摘自《香港01》。2019年3月11日)

本人於上一篇新聞分享細說歐美藥劑師於地區疫苗注射中擔當領導角色,值得本港借鑑,反映藥劑師可於是次麻疹疫情參與機場疫苗防疫工作,避免身肩重任的醫護人員百上加斤。近年,藥劑師團體亦積極為本地醫療挑戰迅速解話:包括近日醫院藥劑師學會(Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Hong Kong, SHPHK) 會長崔俊明解救疫苗搶購潮,指出本港大部分市民已經接種過麻疹疫苗,一般市民毋須急於補打,只有41至52歲的高危族群、六至十一個月大嬰兒、要到麻疹高危地區但失去麻疹免疫力之三類人士才須優先接種,舒解市民的困惑。另外,本月上旬市面四款Apo-Losartan高血壓藥物被揭發含致癌物,藥劑師指出涉事藥物所含的致癌物成份很少,呼籲勿自行停藥,否則會因高血壓引致中風、心衰竭,負面影響恐較癌症更大,糾正市民的用藥觀念。

上述例子充分突顯藥劑師於公共醫療不可或缺之角色,唯政府一直未有明確方針,進一步擴大藥劑師的職能。本人深表困惑,於此抒發己見,剖析藥劑業於本港發展之礙腳石:

1.醫權過大

本港醫療體系由醫生領導之思想根深蒂固。如2016年,審計報告批評醫管局一次配發大量藥物,造成浪費及減少病人服藥依從性。香港藥劑師工會(Hong Kong Pharmacists Union)建議縮短藥物處方時間至30天,隨後病人可憑醫生紙於社區藥房領取餘下藥物,向藥劑師查詢用藥安排。然而,有輿論認為外判處方削弱醫生處藥的權利。

誠然,跨專業團隊合作已成為醫學界的趨勢。例如隨着醫院臨床藥劑服務的發展,藥劑師須走進病房,與醫生共同參與制定病人臨床治療計劃,協調用藥劑量,並監察病人用藥的情况。醫院藥劑師學會(Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Hong Kong, SHPHK) 會長崔俊明曾經提及:「倘若護士是醫生的右手,那麼藥劑師便是醫生的左手。」醫藥一家,分工合作,無分貴踐,共同的宏願是捍衛病人的福祉

2.市民對醫藥分家認知匱乏

近年,醫學界有民意調查反映「市民不接受『醫藥分家』」,本人深信此結果是基於市民對藥劑師的職能欠缺充分的認知。這可歸咎於現時社區藥房欠缺有效監管,良莠不齊,影響市民對藥劑師之觀感。唯有破新立舊,例如醫院藥劑師學會(Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Hong Kong, SHPHK) 早於2003年倡議三大改革方向:

  • 不准註冊藥劑師以外的人士售賣非醫生處方藥物
  • 只批准藥劑師成為社區藥房的全控股東,提高藥劑師對藥房的監察能力和控制權,杜絕不法活動
  • 社區藥房營業時必須有藥劑師當值,取締現時三分之一的營業時間沒有當值藥劑師

時至今天,只有第一項方針得以落實。縱觀全球,醫藥分家從來不是新鮮事 —— 西歐、日本、以至菲律賓等國家,法律規定處方藥物和配藥必須分開。一來,醫生同時負責處方藥物及配藥有角色衝突;二來,醫生難以將兩個專業兼顧一身。醫藥分家在全球落地生根,證明其行之有效,為獨香港市民對「醫藥分家」大惑不解,值得令人深省。

3.藥劑業界不團結一致

圖三、醫生飽和 – 1997年明報剪輯(摘自https://doctordaddysoccer.blogspot.com/2017/02/MedicalManpower1997.html)

面對醫療需求日益上升,部分藥劑團體卻背道而馳,主張減少藥劑收生,漠視藥劑師對本港醫療系統之重要性。回想當年,本港醫生一度面臨飽和。隨着人口增長致醫療需求上升,如今醫護行業人手可謂供不應求。

現時,香港藥劑師與人口比例約為1:5000,遠低於世界衛生組織建議的1:2000。再者,受聘於醫管局的藥劑師僅約有五百七十人,藥劑師每天卻要應付高達200名病人。換言之,藥劑師必定要在2.4分鐘內處理一位病人,其工作負擔可想而知。醫療行業之發展須具前膽性,面對人口老化及流行病侍虐,保留藥劑學士學額,持續發展藥劑業才是明智之舉。

早前流感高峰期期間,香港護士協會、香港公共醫療醫生協會等醫護人員集會遊行,表達公立醫院人手不足、工作量沉重的問題,引發社會巨大迴響。政府亦隨之對症下藥,推行醫護人員特別酬金計劃津貼、上調醫生當值津貼、減輕護士文書工作等一系列政策。相較之下,弘揚藥劑業發展之聲音實在是太薄弱了!進考藥劑,躊躇滿志,卻無途報效社會。此時此刻,藥劑生應否放下書本,為藥劑師的前景、為公立醫院苦苦輪候的病人、為香港人的福祉發聲呢

藥劑業之推動是絕不能缺少年青的動力。

祝願各位藥劑生錦繡前程。共勉。

P.S. 未來一年,News Sharing 除了於FaceBook 分享,還會上載到Soc Website,方便覽閱。未來會就重大議題或藥劑業時事作人物專訪,亦會上傳到Soc Website,敬請期待!

文: P22 Kevin Yap

最後更新日期:2019年3月31日

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參考資料:

張雅婷(2019年3月11日)。血壓藥Apo-Losartan去年取代另一問題藥 藥劑師:停藥衰過患癌。香港01,港聞  

作者不明 (2019)。【財政預算案2019】消息指100億元醫療穩定基金屬「安全網」免遇將來政府財政不穩。香港經濟日報,港聞社會

陳茂波 (2019)。2019-20 財政年度財政預算案。香港特別行政區政府。2018年2月27日,取自https://www.budget.gov.hk/2019/chi/index.html

龐愛蘭(2018)。香港藥學會2018-19年度「財政預算案」建議書。香港藥學會。2018年2月9日,取自https://pshk.hk/uploads/files/Budget%20consultation%2018-19_PSHK_Feb9.pdf

吳劍華(2003)。不要忽視藥劑師在醫療改革的角色(下)。香港醫院藥劑師學會。2003年6月23日,取自http://www.3phk.com/v5article.asp?id=879&folder=door&section=forum&issue=26